Do as it suggests:. This will make Homebrew inspect your system and make sure that everything is set up correctly. If the Terminal informs you of any issues, you'll need to fix them yourself, and then run brew doctor again to verify that you fixed them correctly.
When everything is set up correctly, you'll see the message Your system is ready to brew , and you can move on to the next part of the tutorial. Note: If Homebrew tells you that you need to agree to the Xcode license, you can do that by running:. The Terminal window will fill up with the Xcode license: read it, type agree and hit enter to agree to the license.
Wine needs XQuartz to install correctly, and Homebrew won't automatically pull in this dependency for you.
However, we can easily ask Homebrew to install it by running the following command:. Let's break down this command into parts. A GUI application is an app that you can see running, as opposed to invisibly running in the background. We only need to include the word cask because XQuartz is a GUI application — by default, you use Homebrew to install applications that run on the command line, and don't have a graphical user interface. When you run this command, Homebrew will install the Cask extension automatically, and then Homebrew Cask will download and install XQuartz for you.
Lots of installers installing other installers! Homebrew will display messages and progress bars on the Terminal to let you know what it's doing.http://lastsurestart.co.uk/libraries/message/1833-how-to.php
When it's done installing XQuartz, it will stop displaying messages and wait for you to type in a new command. When that happens, move on to the next step! Now we get to actually install Wine! We'll let Homebrew do all the work, all you have to do is tell it what you want with this command:.
You'll notice that this command is almost identical to the last one, except we're leaving out the word cask because Wine doesn't have a graphical user interface , and we're replaced xquartz with wine. When you run this command, Homebrew will start automatically downloading and installing software onto your computer. Wine needs several different pieces of software to run correctly, not just XQuartz, so Homebrew is going to first install those other dependencies before it installs Wine.
Just as before, Homebrew will display messages and progress bars on the Terminal to let you know what it's doing. This step of the tutorial might be very quick, or it might take a long, long time.
PC emulation software for Mac computers
You see, software like Wine normally needs to be compiled: transformed from human-readable source code into a form that a computer can use. This process usually takes a long time — for a program like Wine and all of its depedencies, it might take an hour or two, even for a fast, modern computer. However, the people who make Homebrew know that people don't like to wait, and they've pre-compiled most of the software available in Homebrew, including Wine. Your computer will automatically download the pre-compiled versions if it is able to, which will make the installation process go a lot faster.
However, if your computer is in an unusual configuration, it may not be able to use the pre-compiled versions. If that's the case, it will have to compile the software for itself, which will still work, but it will take awhile. If you get an error message at this step that indicates that Homebrew has accidentally downloaded a file that is empty or incorrect, you can delete Homebrew's downloaded files by running brew cleanup. Then try running this step again, and Homebrew will redownload the file — hopefully correctly!
When Homebrew is finished installing Wine, it will stop displaying messages and wait for you to type in a new command. You may see a message that mentions a "Mac driver" and an "X11 driver". This message is related to that XQuartz thing we installed earlier, and it's an advanced configuration for people who like to adjust settings on their computers. If you just want to use Wine and don't care about adjusting settings, you can ignore that message.
To install a Windows program, first download the installer file: it should end with. Remember the location you put it, and open up the Terminal again. Note: if you do not know what cd and ls are, you should learn how to use the command line before using Wine. Once you are in the correct directory, run the installer through Wine by running the following command in the Terminal:. For example, if the installer file is named setup. A window will pop up with a regular graphical Windows installer. Click through it, and you're done!
Run ls to see what programs you have installed. Pick a program, and enter its directory using cd. If you're having problems, try using tab autocomplete. There should be a file that ends in. Type this into Terminal:. EXE , you would run:. The program will pop up in a new window, ready to use! Enjoy using Windows on your Mac, freely and legally!
How to run Windows Programs
Many people want to be able to run Windows programs the same way they run other programs on the Mac: by clicking an icon in the Dock. Wine isn't specifically designed to support this, but with a little trickery, we can make it do what we want. Note: Wine prints out error messages in the Terminal when something goes wrong.
By launching Windows programs via a Dock icon, you are sidestepping the Terminal, which means that if something does go wrong and Wine has to quit, it will not be able to tell you what the problem was. The first step to solving a problem is knowing what it is, so without running Wine from the Terminal, you won't be able to fix it, and neither will anyone else. Running from the Dock is fine as long as your program seems to be working correctly, but if it crashes, the first thing you should try is running it from the Terminal instead: it won't prevent the program from crashing, but it will give you some clues on how to fix the problem.
In order to launch a Windows program via the Dock, we're going to write an AppleScript that launches the program for us, and then put that AppleScript in the Dock. Essentially, we're writing a program ourselves! Don't worry, it's easy enough.
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Open up the Script Editor. You should see a window with a large area you can type in near the top: this is where you write your AppleScript. In that area, type the following text:. You can see that you're simply telling the AppleScript to run a line of code in the Terminal: the same line of code that you could run to start your Windows program. Next, press the Compile button at the top of the window. The text should become colored to indicate that Script Editor understands what you wrote. You can also try pressing the Run button to run your script: it should open the Windows program successfully.
Wine is mostly used with third-party tools like Wine Bottler or Wineskin to build a convenience interface.
The Easiest Way to Run Windows Programs on Mac
Get this tool here. This is similar to dual-booting Linux on Windows machine. Boot Camp partitions your hard drive so that you can install Windows and reboot it whenever needed.
You need to restart your current program in order to reboot the other. That is why Boot Camp is ideal for running Windows PC games or other software as the Windows can utilize the entire machine resources. Unlike Bootcamp, Virtual machine allows you to run both Windows programs and Mac programs side by side at the same time without rebooting your machine. It is one of the popular ways to run windows program on Mac, and it enables to install Windows OS on your Mac desktop.
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Window users who already have a product key can install the Windows installation media for free and use it in a Virtual machine program.